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About Thai Law

Nice to Know Thai Law

Thai Law

Civil law is the foundation of Thailand's judicial system, which also incorporates elements of both common law and traditional Thai law. A constitution, in addition to a number of laws, rules, and judicial decisions, make up Thailand's legal framework, which is overseen by the country's legal system.

The Constitution of Thailand is the supreme legislation of Thailand. Within its pages are outlined the most fundamental concepts and rights that people of Thailand are entitled to. A constitutional monarchy is the form of government that is established by the Constitution. Within this type of monarchy, the monarch serves as the head of state, while the prime minister serves as the head of government.

The civil law sector and the criminal law sector are the two primary components that make up the Thai legal system. Contracts, real estate transactions, and issues pertaining to family life are all examples of matters that fall under the purview of civil law. On the other side, criminal law is concerned with transgressions that are committed against the state, such as theft, violence, and illegal drug activity.

The Civil and Commercial Code, the Penal Code, and the Criminal Procedure Code are all included in Thailand's extensive legal code, which is known as the Civil and Criminal Code. There are also a wide array of specialized rules and regulations that control certain areas, such as the law governing employment, the law governing the environment, and the law governing intellectual property.

Courts of first instance (1st), courts of appeal (2nd), and the Supreme Court (3rd) are the three levels of courts that make up the Thai judicial system. In addition to general courts, there are also specialist courts, such as the juvenile court and the labor court. In Thailand, judges are appointed by the king, and both their education and expertise in the legal system are prerequisites for the position.

In general, the legal system in Thailand is quite convoluted, making it difficult for outsiders to find their way through. It is highly recommended that you speak with an attorney if you have any questions or concerns regarding the legal system in Thailand.

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